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NETWORK|사설 IP 주소(Private IP Address) 본문
NETWORK|사설 IP 주소(Private IP Address)
2012. 2. 27. 09:28
국제 표준 RFC1918에 의해 사설 IPv4주소로 지정된 특수 용도 주소.
Private Address Space
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has reserved the
following three blocks of the IP address space for private internets:
10.0.0.0 - 10.255.255.255 (10/8 prefix)
172.16.0.0 - 172.31.255.255 (172.16/12 prefix)
192.168.0.0 - 192.168.255.255 (192.168/16 prefix)
Global and Other Specialized Address Blocks
0.0.0.0/8 - Addresses in this block refer to source hosts on "this"
network. Address 0.0.0.0/32 may be used as a source address for this
host on this network; other addresses within 0.0.0.0/8 may be used to
refer to specified hosts on this network [RFC1700, page 4].
10.0.0.0/8 - This block is set aside for use in private networks.
Its intended use is documented in [RFC1918]. Addresses within this
block should not appear on the public Internet.
18.104.22.168/8 - This block is set aside for assignments to the
international system of Public Data Networks [RFC1700, page 181]. The
registry of assignments within this block can be accessed from the
"Public Data Network Numbers" link on the web page at
http://www.iana.org/numbers.html. Addresses within this block are
assigned to users and should be treated as such.
22.214.171.124/8 - This block was allocated in early 1996 for use in
provisioning IP service over cable television systems. Although the
IANA initially was involved in making assignments to cable operators,
this responsibility was transferred to American Registry for Internet
Numbers (ARIN) in May 2001. Addresses within this block are assigned
in the normal manner and should be treated as such.
126.96.36.199/8 - This block was used in the "Class A Subnet Experiment"
that commenced in May 1995, as documented in [RFC1797]. The
experiment has been completed and this block has been returned to the
pool of addresses reserved for future allocation or assignment. This
block therefore no longer has a special use and is subject to
allocation to a Regional Internet Registry for assignment in the
127.0.0.0/8 - This block is assigned for use as the Internet host
loopback address. A datagram sent by a higher level protocol to an
address anywhere within this block should loop back inside the host.
This is ordinarily implemented using only 127.0.0.1/32 for loopback,
but no addresses within this block should ever appear on any network
anywhere [RFC1700, page 5].
188.8.131.52/16 - This block, corresponding to the numerically lowest of
the former Class B addresses, was initially and is still reserved by
the IANA. Given the present classless nature of the IP address
space, the basis for the reservation no longer applies and addresses
in this block are subject to future allocation to a Regional Internet
Registry for assignment in the normal manner.